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"One of the very [first] proponents of an American Indian Day was Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, who was the director of the Museum of Arts and Science in Rochester, N.Y. He persuaded the Boy Scouts of America to set aside a day for the “First Americans” and for three years they adopted such a day. In 1915, the annual Congress of the American Indian Association meeting in Lawrence, Kans., formally approved a plan concerning American Indian Day. It directed its president, Rev. Sherman Coolidge, an Arapahoe, to call upon the country to observe such a day. Coolidge issued a proclamation on Sept. 28, 1915, which declared the second Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day and contained the first formal appeal for recognition of Indians as citizens."
"The first American Indian Day in a state was declared on the second Saturday in May 1916 by the governor of New York. Several states celebrate the fourth Friday in September. In Illinois, for example, legislators enacted such a day in 1919. Presently, several states have designated Columbus Day as Native American Day, but it continues to be a day we observe without any recognition as a national legal holiday.
In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations, under variants on the name (including “Native American Heritage Month” and “National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month”) have been issued each year since 1994."
Adapted from: https://www.nativeamericanheritagemonth.gov/about.html
Photo: Navajo Woman and Infant, Canyon de Chelle, Arizona." [Canyon de Chelly National Monument]. From: Series: Ansel Adams Photographs of National Parks and Monuments, compiled 1941 - 1942, documenting the period ca. 1933 – 1942.
"Sharice Davids was first elected to the United States House of Representatives in November 2018. She is a Democrat representing the Third Congressional District of Kansas. She and New Mexico's Deb Haaland, who was elected to the House at the same time, are the first Native American women elected to Congress. Davids is a member of the Ho-Chunk Nation, a tribe based in Wisconsin. She is also the first openly lesbian woman to represent Kansas in Congress. Davids is an attorney and a former amateur and professional fighter in mixed martial arts (MMA)."
"Davids was named to the Committee on Small Business and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Her caucus memberships have included serving as co-chair of the Congressional LGBTQ+ Equality Caucus and the New Democrat Coalition, and as vice chair of the Congressional Native American Caucus. She was also named a vice chair of the 2020 Democratic National Convention. Davids has introduced legislation to allow people to petition the Department of Justice to investigate voting complaints, voted for climate change-related legislation, and voted to reduce health care costs and prevent surprise medical bills."
Smuskiewicz, A. J. "Sharice Davids." The American Mosaic: The American Indian Experience, ABC-CLIO, 2023, americanindian2.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/2182226. Accessed 23 Oct. 2023.
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