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Open Educational Resources: Citing OER

Citing OER

As with any source, OER should be cited. Because most OER use a Creative Commons (CC) license, remember that all CC licenses require attribution. It is important to give credit for the work and allow others to easily find the original work. ‚Äč

Citing OER

The easiest way to remember how to cite an OER is by memorizing TASL:

T = Title. Sometimes this can't be found. 
A = Author. This tells people who to give credit to. It can be a username, company, pseudonym. 
S = Source. This links people to the original source. 
L = License. This links to the CC license deed that the source is licensed under. 


Example of a Copied Work

example OER image

"Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 2.0

  • Title: "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco"
  • Author: "tvol" - linked to his profile page
  • Source: "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" - linked to original Flickr page
  • License: "CC BY 2.0" - linked to license deed


Example of a Derivative Work

If you edited the work, put in the beginning or a the end of the citation “Adapted from …” or “This work is a derivative of…”. Then add your license at the end or the beginning of the citation.

derivative work example


This work, "90fied", is a derivative of "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 2.0. "90fied" is licensed under CC BY by [Your name here].

  • Derivative: "This work, "90fied", is a derivative of..."
  • Original Title, Author, Source, License
  • New Title, Author, Source, License of the derivative work is also included



Best practices for attribution by CC Wiki is licensed under CC BY 4.0. (Links to an external site.)

Below are two tools that can assist you in creating OER citations.