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Black History Month grew out of Negro History Week, which was established in February 1926 by African-American historian Carter G. Woodson, who founded the Association for the Study of African-American Life and History. Expanded in 1976 to a month-long observance, this celebration of the contributions and achievements of African Americans was initially designed to encompass the birthday of the abolitionist orator and journalist Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) on February 14 as well as Abraham Lincoln's birthday. The event is widely observed by schools, churches, libraries, clubs, and organizations wishing to draw attention to the contributions of African Americans.
"Black History Month." Cultural Studies: Holidays Around the World, ed. Pearline Jaikumar, Omnigraphics, Inc., 6th edition, 2018. Credo Reference.
Photograph: “Carter G. Woodson.” Associated Press (AP).
The Association for the Study of African American Life and History chooses a theme every year for Black History Month. For 2023, the theme is Black Resistance. Learn more about this year's theme and check out past themes on their website.
Photo Caption: Two ministers lead protest marchers in a civil rights demonstration in Birmingham, Alabama, which was later broken up by police. August 14, 1963.
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